Whole brown lentil is an edible pulse. It is a bushy annual plant of the legume family, known for its lens-shaped seeds. Usually eaten with rice or rotis, the lentil is a dietary staple throughout regions of India, Sri Lanka, Pakistan, Bangladesh and Nepal. As a food crop, the majority of world production comes from Canada, India and Australia. Lentils are consumed in many ways.
They can be eaten soaked, germinated, cooked, fried and baked. The most common preparation method is cooking. The seeds require a cooking time of 10 to 40 minutes, depending on the variety; shorter for small varieties with the husk removed, such as the common red lentil. Most varieties have a distinctive, earthy flavour.